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2 edition of Adjectival constructions in English and German found in the catalog.

Adjectival constructions in English and German

Ekkehard Ko nig

Adjectival constructions in English and German

a contrastive analysis.

by Ekkehard Ko nig

  • 63 Want to read
  • 3 Currently reading

Published by Groos in Heidelberg .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesWissenschaftliche Bibliothek -- 13
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13844567M

Reminder/Warning about Present Participles. Although the present participle is the counterpart to the English –ing form, it is very rarely used, except as an adjective in the manner described on this you should still ordinarily express -ing forms with the regular present or past tense in German. English does not have a productive resultative construction. It is widely accepted that the be-perfects of various European languages (e.g. French, Italian, German, and Dutch) began as resultative constructions. Resultatives in Mandarin. Mandarin places the resultative within an verb aspect construction.

German sentence construction. It is also important to not only learn the various verbs, adverbs, etc., in the German language, but in order to speak with people or read it you must know how to form sentences of the things you have to know how to do are to transform singular sentences to plural sentences; learn how to form subordinate clauses; dass or das; learn how to form. Learn the translation for ‘constructions’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and relevant forum discussions free vocabulary trainer.

Some of the topics that create problems for English speakers are the four different cases, the three noun genders, the distinct verb forms according to person and tense, and sentence construction. On the other hand, German and English are more similar than most . German grammar has reared its head. It’s time to forge into the ever-more-complex wilds of the German language. Intermediate German grammar often focuses on structures that will allow you to craft longer sentences, therefore expressing more complex thoughts and ideas.. Unfortunately, like a lot of German grammar, these topics can become confusing.


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Adjectival constructions in English and German by Ekkehard Ko nig Download PDF EPUB FB2

In Unit 7 we learned how present and past participles can be used as adjectives in German, e.g., German, unlike English, can provide even more extensive information about the noun simply by placing an entire phrase as a modifier before a noun.

Extended adjective constructions using a participial phrase, such as the examples above using. Get this from a library. Adjectival constructions in English and German: a contrastive analysis. [Ekkehard König]. 1 Introduction. In this paper, I claim that patterns of object licensing in verbal and adjectival passive constructions in English and German, as well as in clitic constructions in certain Arabic dialects, point to the conclusion that nominal arguments (‘DPs’ after Abney ) are subject to a licensing requirement above and beyond the familiar Case licensing requirement known as the Author: Peter Hallman.

While German adjectives do the same things English adjectives do (in fact, there are plenty of cognates in German and English adjectives which we’ll talk about briefly later), the main difference is that: To learn new German words painlessly, check out our e-book German Short Stories with Audio.

A FUN AND EFFECTIVE WAY TO LEARN GERMAN. Adjectival Constructions in English Athanasios Litsos, MA candidate in Linguistics Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Abstract The purpose of this paper is to discuss some key issues related to the position and interpretation of adjectives in English.

The positions that are investigated are the predicative. R.L. Trask: "In the following examples, the bold italic item is adjectival: my new book (an adjective phrase consisting only of an adjective); a very long opera (an adjective phrase containing a degree modifier and an adjective); the roses in your garden (a prepositional phrase); a copper-producing region (a participial phrase); his damn-your-eyes attitude (an entire sentence reduced to a.

An expensive book (expensive is premodifier). The head is book, and the modifier is expensive. to describe the forms of English adjectival constructions used in The Prince and the Pauper by Mark Twain.

to know the distribution of English adjectival in a sentence based on structural. In older forms of English and often in English-language legal documents, there are a large variety of words formed with the prefix there- such as “therefore,”“thereby,” “therein,” “thereafter,” German there are a number of similar adverbs, which represent special meanings of da – compounds (remember that one of the meanings of da is “there”).

Adjectival Nouns in German: Because German adjective endings carry considerable information about case, gender, and number, the noun that they modify can sometimes seem redundant. When Germans refer to Ex-Chancellor Helmut Kohl as der Dicke, they don't need a further noun, since the der, followed by the -e ending on dick tells us that we are.

Adjectives for construction include construable, constructable, constructible, constructional, constructionist, constructionistic, constructive, constructivist. Additional Physical Format: Online version: König, Ekkehard.

Adjectival constructions in English and German. Heidelberg, Groos, (OCoLC) A similar construction occurs in formal German: das Buch des Mannes "the man's book", where das Buch means "the book" and des Mannes is the genitive case of der Mann "the man". Using a preposition or other linking word.

This is common in languages without grammatical case, as well as in some languages with vestigial case systems. Adjectives play an important role in sentences.

They are used to describe places, people and objects. Learn the most important German adjectives and learn how to use German adjectives in simple sentences. Here you have an overview of the most important German adjectives with English translations, accompanied by their.

German also uses adjectival nouns in certain common settings where English has, for lack of a better term, only a non-adjectival noun. One example would be the word “prisoner.” In German, the most common translation for “prisoner” is der Gefangene, which literally means “the captured one.” We’ll get back to this one in a minute.

The basic German compound word, like its English relation, consists of two vocabulary items, although longer chains are possible. Take the example: "die Sprachschule." The second element, "Schule", is called the "primary word" (das Grundwort), and it designates the larger set (in this case, schools) of which the compound noun is a part.

To conjugate verbs in the passive voice, you must know the forms of werden (to become). German uses werden + the past participle, while English uses "to be." A passive voice sentence may or may not include the "agent" (by whom something was done), for example von mir (by me) in this sentence: Der Brief wird von mir geschrieben.

| The letter is being written by me. German Translation of “adjectival” | The official Collins English-German Dictionary online. OverGerman translations of English words and phrases.

This contribution provides a corpus-based investigation of the history of adjectival resultative constructions (RCs), e.g. He wiped the table clean, with special reference to Old English and Middle article first briefly discusses some of the parameters relevant to a synchronic analysis of RCs, namely causativity, causality and force-dynamics, as well as the distinction between.

Adjectival nouns (1) All adjectives can be used as nouns in German. This is much more common than in English where usage of such adjectives is restricted to certain instances in the plural (the old, the young, the French, etc.). Adjectives modify perhaps the most common words in the English language, nouns.

With a list of common adjective words, you can effectively describe your surroundings in detail. Adjective phrases - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary.In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated adj) is a word that modifies a noun or noun phrase or describes its referent.

Its semantic role is to change information given by the noun. Adjectives are one of the main parts of speech of the English language, although historically they were classed together with nouns.

Certain words that were traditionally considered to be adjectives, including the.Adjective declension, also adjective inflection, means that adjectives agree with a noun in gender, number, and case.

Only attributive adjectives are declined in German Grammar. Master adjective declension with Lingolia’s simple declension tables and online .